Pole barns offer homeowners separate storage space or a place to safely house farm animals on their property. They are simple structures, so even if you have limited construction experience, you can still build this type of barn on your property. Pole barns require basic tools and a little creativity. As long as you are willing to take your time and invest in quality materials, you can learn how to build a pole barn.
Your first step in the pole barn building process is to determine where you will put the barn and then design the barn on paper to suit the space. The area should be a flat surface with adequate drainage. Specific measurements for barns vary, but if you use eight foot sections of wood, building will be less expensive and take less time because less cutting is needed.
Once your designs are complete, determine if you need a building permit. Some rural areas allow you to build whatever you want on your property, but if you are in a more populated area, there are likely restrictions. Your local municipality will likely want to see the designs, so make sure they are complete before acquiring the permit.
The building process is easier if you gather all of your materials in advance. You will need weather-treated lumber and a saw for cutting it to the right dimensions, shovels and digging equipment, quick-pour concrete, poles, roof trusses, both straight and roofing nails, a sturdy hammer, storm clips, and tin roof sections. The lumber you purchase should be as heavy-duty as you can afford. You will be purchasing two-by-four and two-by-six boards, as well as plywood, corrugated tin, and roof trusses.
Prepare the Space for Your Barn
The building process begins by preparing the ground. Dig the holes for the posts and make sure they are all at a 90 degree angle. Follow your design plans and measure several times. Stake the center of each of the holes and mix the concrete. Once mixed, pour it into the hole about six inches up. If you are concerned about drainage, you can pack gravel into the space instead of using concrete.
Place the poles in the moist concrete mixture and brace them with stakes and rope. Once the concrete dries, you can remove the braces and secure the stringers to the tops of the poles. Creating secure posts is the most important part of building the barn because they support the weight of the trusses and the roof.
Install the Roof of the Barn
Once the frame is built and dry, you can install the roof. Begin with the trusses. The first truss should have an exterior support, at least until you have installed the other ones for support. Each truss offers support to those around it. Next, nail the two-by-four pieces of lumber onto the edges of the stringers. These assist in supporting the weight of the trusses. Finally, nail the tin pieces to the roof using roofing nails. The short sections should overlap to create a weather-tight seal. You can caulk the sections if necessary.
The walls are the last step in building the pole barn. The two-by-four inch pieces of lumber serve as the frame and the plywood is nailed to the frame to create the walls. Storm clips can be added to the barn to make it stronger.
Once your barn is built, you can determine whether you want to paint it or add anything to the interior. The building is intended to be basic, but you can make alterations based on how you plan to use it.