Personal communication using a telephone has experienced many amazing developments in only the last two decades. People have gone from talking on phones in their homes connected to a phone jack with a cord, to having the ability to move throughout the space with a cordless phone, talking on a telephone in the car, and now, talking practically anywhere in the world with a cell phone. The cell phone has completely altered how people communicate with each other.
Who Invented the Cell Phone?
The modern cell phone was invented by Doctor Martin Cooper. He worked as the Director of Research and Development at the Motorola Company and was the first person in history to make a call on a cellular phone in 1973. Surprisingly, the technology that made the modern cell phone possible was developed in 1947 by Bell Labs and AT&T. Prior to the invention of the hexagonal cells for mobile phone base stations, radiophones were used for communication when traditional phones were not an option. The phones were bulky and very expensive, and were used primarily by the military.
Phones became completely mobile with the invention of the hexagonal cell and the invention of handover. The original cell phones which were available in the 1970s were large, very expensive, and considered useless for the average person. The prices began to decrease during the 1980s, but the size of the phones was still hefty. People began using cell phones in their cars and by the early 1990s cell phones were affordable and small enough for practical use.
Progress for the Cell Phone
Throughout the 1990s and early 2000s, cell phones continued to decline in price and offer more than simple calling features. Communication companies began to focus on cell phones and offered discount calling plans and contracts with free or inexpensive phones. There was also a race to install cell towers throughout the world, making it possible to offer phone service in as many places as possible.
The cell phone industry boomed after the turn of the 21st Century. For many, cell phones were their primary means of point-to-point communication, with many opting to invest in a cell phone and forego a landline for their homes. Cell phone companies also captured the young adult market and the devices became a trendy gadget on which to speak with friends. The advent of text messaging also had a major affect on the cell phone market. Text messages enabled people to talk via typed messages, similar to the chat functions offered on the Internet, so conversations could occur without anyone placing a call. Additional features such as global positioning systems, cameras, digital music players, and other applications were also added to cell phones. Today, it is possible to purchase an affordable cell phone that includes the ability to listen to music, take pictures, map directions, track exercise, text with friends, store documents, and a myriad of other functions.