Cabinets are a great storage solution for a variety of challenges. You can make a finely crafted cabinet for storage in your living space. Many people have cabinets in their dining rooms, kitchens, and bedrooms. Cabinets can also be very basic and perfect for basement or garage storage. No matter what type of cabinet you need and where you plan to use your finished cabinet, the basic construction is the same. When designing your cabinet, determine how elaborate it should be. You can always use paint, stain, and hardware to make a basic cabinet look like a stylish piece of furniture.
Once your cabinet design is complete, purchase your supplies. You will need wood, screws, nails, wood putty, and hinges. You will also need tools such as a tape measure or ruler, hammer, screwdriver, and drill. If you take your pre-planned measurements to the hardware store with you, the wood can be cut onsite to save you time at home.
After your wood is cut to the proper dimensions, either at the store or at home, lay them out on the ground. This allows you to see how the pieces will fit together before nailing and gluing them. If any of the cuts need to be adjusted, now is the time to do it. You should also sand the pieces so the wood will be smooth and splinter-free. This is important once the cabinet is done, but it also saves painful splinter mishaps during the building process.
Attach Your Cabinet Wood
Once you know the wood pieces fit together, you can connect them. Make pencil marks where the screws or nails will go. For a basic cabinet, join the interior shelves to one of the side panels. Now, connect the opposite side panel to the shelves. You have assembled the interior of the cabinet. Add the top and bottom pieces to create a basic, backless shelf. At this point, your cabinet should be sturdy enough to use as a shelf. However, a cabinet is enclosed, so you need to install the back and doors.
Attach the door or doors with the hinges. Make sure you use enough hinges to support each door. Heavier doors require larger, sturdier hinges. It is better to choose hinges that are slightly larger than you need since the door can sag over time if it is not properly supported. Use a level to ensure the doors are even before completely installing the hinges. You should be able to do this by partially screwing in the hinges, leveling, and then completing the hinge installation.
Finish Building Your Cabinet
The assembled cabinet can now be painted or stained. (Some people choose to do the painting or staining before the assembly. This is fine, but make sure the wood pieces are completely dry before assembling your cabinet.) Once the paint is dry, you can install the hardware. Drill a hole on the door or doors where you intend to install the hardware. Some cabinets have a smooth face and do not require hardware. Since your cabinet is built from scratch, you have a great deal of leeway with choosing the hardware, so select a style that complements the area in which you will display your cabinet. You now have an attractive, useful cabinet that can help you organize your home.